This is an English writing lesson about direct speech. Direct speech is when we report the exact words that somebody says. In this lesson I explain the different punctuation rules for when the reporting clause is before the direct speech and when it is after it. You will learn where and how to use commas, full stops (periods), question marks, exclamation marks and inverted commas (also known as) quotation marks, speech marks or quotes.) I also give you some other useful examples of reporting verbs to use when writing direct speech. Finally, at the end of the grammar lesson, there is an exercise to test your understanding. If you have any questions, please ask me in the comments. More grammar lessons: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6BDo90oiwpS4_AM1c0s0ozpROeE2A9ff Listening exercises: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6BDo90oiwpRdmnAzmYwdc0Az0ZOG2XNA Vocabulary videos: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6BDo90oiwpTlYAYSitjwWn29BEdCBi9j Private English lessons & speaking practice: http://goo.gl/w2u7pQ Andrew, Crown Academy of English http://www.crownacademyenglish.com https://twitter.com/Crown_English http://www.youtube.com/user/CrownAcademyEnglish Photo credits: “Casual Young Couple Facing Each Other” Image courtesy of stockimages | FreeDigitalPhotos.net "Woman With An Umbrella Reaches Out To See If Its Raining" Image courtesy of stockimages | FreeDigitalPhotos.net "Teenager Girl With Opened Notebook" Image courtesy of imagerymajestic | FreeDigitalPhotos.net "Schoolboy Writing On Notebook" Image courtesy of stockimages | FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Views: 170256 Crown Academy of English
In part 2 of this lesson on Indirect (Reported) Speech, we will be looking at how we report questions, and the changes we must make to the original sentence. We will also look at some special cases. Part 1: http://youtu.be/Vwlm-GoPzJI For more free English lessons and resources, visit our website: http://anglo-link.com. Facebook: http://facebook.com/AngloLink Twitter: http://twitter.com/AngloLink Enjoy and good luck with your English studies!
Views: 139380 Anglo-Link
B: direct / indirect questions 10:15 C: writing plan 17:45 D: 21:13 E+F 23:17 word bank : 24:42 workbook A+B 25:36 فيديو تعليمي لمقرر Full Blast 6من إعداد وتقديم الأستاذ معتصم نديم https://twitter.com/Mutasim_Nadeem firstname.lastname@example.org
Views: 11723 Mutasim Nadeem
http://www.engvid.com/ Where did you go? Who did you go with? Learn how to keep a conversation going by using who, what, when, where, why, and how! Now why don't you take the quiz? http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-wh-questions/
Views: 2584788 EnglishLessons4U - Learn English with Ronnie! [engVid]
Find 1500+ education videos available at http://www.youtube.com/user/IkenEdu Writing is an integral part of this advanced era. You have to be good in writing emails, applications, reports etc. In this English Lesson video, you will learn how to write Reports. Report writing has certain rules and regulations. Watch the video and learn all the rules. Don't miss to share the video with your friends and classmates to help them learn the same!
Views: 407084 Iken Edu
MORE EXAMPLES: I live ~ He said he lived I am living ~ He said he was living I have lived ~ He said he had lived I lived ~ He said he had lived I will live ~ He said he would live I can live ~ He said he could live SOME HAVE NO CHANGE: I should live ~ He said he should live I ought to live ~ He said he ought to live I might live ~ He said he might live ONE SPECIAL ONE: I must live ~ He said he had to live
Views: 197634 TheoESL
En esta clase te voy a explicar como formlar pregutnas directas e indirectas para que lo comprendas fácilmente. Además está explicado en español para que lo comprendas con unos pequeños ejercicios al final para practicar. Déjame tus preguntas y con gusto te ayudo Saludos , Alejo Lopera
Views: 37924 Alejo Lopera Inglés
Direct Indirect Speech Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. Also see direct indirect speech rules and examples direct indirect speech exercises, direct indirect speech examples direct indirect speech exercises with answers, direct indirect speech exercises online, direct indirect speech examples answers, direct indirect speech explanation, direct indirect speech example direct indirect speech grammar, direct and indirect speech lecture, direct indirect speech narration Our website ( http://www.successcds.net ) is one of the leading portal on Entrance Exams and Admissions in India. Also visit our Channel for Entrance Exams in India FAQs & Application Process, GK & Current Affairs, Communication Skills Follow us: http://www.facebook.com/SuccessCD http://google.com/+successcds https://twitter.com/entranceexam
Views: 348431 SuccessCDs Education
Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for English learners. In this video, i will teach you what is direct and indirect speech(Reported Speech) in English. Watch more videos on - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzGBWlw8n9EnFCrFrlQ-C9A Like us on Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/Evidyarthi/ Visit our Website - http://www.evidyarthi.in/
Views: 408704 eVidyarthi - Basics of English Speaking for Beginners
Learn English Questions' Grammar. Translation Exercise (Urdu to English) for Beginners with Teachers' Resources: Download Lesson Plan and Worksheets for School Classes or Self Learning at langslang.com. Learn or Teach English Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing and Grammar from Beginners to High School Level. For more Grammar Lessons and Practice Tests http://langslang.com/english/grammar
Views: 22 LangSlang
This video guide will help you prepare for the English/English Language exam. I have included examples of how to use simple, compound and complex sentences. There is also a section on the effects of different sentence types. This is to help with the mark for sentence structure and the content mark for variety of sentences.
Views: 1210182 Vicky Maxted
http://www.engvid.com/ Could you tell me where he went? Could you tell me where did he go? Which question is right? Find the answer in this important grammar lesson on embedded questions in the present and past tense. You'll be speaking more politely and correctly by the end of the lesson! http://www.engvid.com/grammar-embedded-questions/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you about embedded questions in the present simple tense and in the past simple tense, okay? So what is an "embedded question"? An "embedded question" is a question that is hidden inside another question or inside a sentence. And what happens is that when you have an embedded question, you have to change the word order back to that of a sentence rather than that of a question. And that's what makes it a little bit confusing or quite confusing for many students because you've learned that when you have a question, you change the order. But in an embedded question like the ones I'm about the show you, you have to change the order back more or less to a regular sentence order. So let's look at some examples. You'll understand better, okay? All right, so let's take this present simple question. "Where does he live?" Right? "Where does he live?" Well, that is correct the way it is. But if you add before that one of these expressions like "can you tell me", "do you know", "could you tell me", "would you know", "would you happen to know" -- if you add one of these types of questions before the question, then you're going to have to change something here. So let's look at this one, and let's look at the embedded question version. "Where does he live", or "Can you tell me where he lives?" Right? You see what happened? We lost that word "does", and we came back to "he lives" with an S, right? It was like it would be if it was a sentence. So "Do you know where he lives?" Okay? "Could you tell me where he lives?" "Would you know where he lives?" "Would you mind telling me where he lives?" Okay? Something like that. The mistake that's made is that students sometimes say, "Can you tell me where does he live?" Right? So they take the question from up here, and they leave it the same even with the tag. But you can't do that. You need to change it. Let's look now at a past simple question, okay? A question in the past simple tense might be, "Where did he work?" Right? So you have to use the word "did" in that question. But in an embedded question in the past simple tense, it would sound like this, "Could you tell me where he worked?" Right? "Could you tell me where he worked?" Not "where did he work"; not, "Could you tell me where did he work"; but, "Could you tell me where he worked?" Just as where you're saying the sentence. Okay? Let's look at a few more examples. Now this also applies not only when you have these kinds of questions -- expressions before, but also with certain kinds of sentences like, "I know where he lives", or "I don't know where he lives", or "I don't remember where he worked" Okay? So even in certain kinds of sentences, when you have that embedded question, you change the order into something like this, okay? All right. Let me give you a few examples, and then you can hopefully understand a little better. So if you said -- if you take the regular question, "How do birds fly?" Right? "How do birds fly?" Well, if you wanted to change that into an embedded question, you'd say, "Do you know how birds fly?" Okay? "Do you know how birds fly?" Next one, "When does the concert begin?" Right? Regular question, "When does the concert begin?" "When does the concert begin" becomes, "Could you tell me when the concert begins?" Okay? So that's an embedded question. Next one, "Why did they miss class today?" Right? That's in the past tense, past simple. "Why did they miss class today?" "Could you tell me why they missed class today?" Right? Here we have the embedded version. Last one, "What time did you finish work?" "Could you tell me what time you finished work?" Okay? I know it takes some getting used to. It's a little bit confusing, so if you'd like to have some more practice, please go to our website, www.engvid.com. There, you'll find a quiz on this and many other topics in English, and you can practice this. It is an important point because if you make that mistake of saying this question with the embedded question, then it's really completely wrong. So practice this a lot, and I'm sure you'll get it. Okay? All the best with your English.
Views: 281157 Learn English with Rebecca [engVid]
A four step process lesson on critical inquiry. Step 1: Engage students & present students with question to answer. Step 2: Have students explore question on their own. Step 3: Have a group discussion on what students found in their explorations. Step 4: Close lesson with main idea. This is a shortened version of a full filmed lesson. Origanlly 30 mins but cut to 5 minutes. This would be approriate for a 8-12 grade English class.
Views: 1118 Carina D
Topic: Direct and indirect characterization (Lesson 5) Come and learn from Teacher Monica Leong on the various strategies in planning, plotting and writing a good Composition. In this program, Monica will cover Non-sequential 3-picture composition / Plan and Brainstorm / Good story starter / Character building / Establishing unique characteristics and setting etc. Visit www.superstarteacher.com.sg for more information.
Views: 6602 Superstar Teacher
http://www.engvid.com/ Reported speech and indirect speech mean the same thing: They allow you to express what someone has said. This sentence, "He said he was studying English", is an example of reported speech. But how do you conjugate the verbs? Is it "he said he was studying" or "he said he studied"? Both are correct depending on the situation. Learn how to say it correctly every time with Ronnie's quick and easy chart. Your friends said they watched this lesson. So what are you waiting for? http://www.engvid.com/reported-speech-he-said-she-said/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name's Ronnie. I'm going to teach you some very, very simple reported speech things. If you don't know what reported speech is, welcome to the confusing word... World of confusing reported speech and words. Reported speech, maybe when you study it in your class, the teacher or whoever, will call it indirect speech. It's the same. So, indirect speech or reported speech is exactly the same. Yay. Why or how do we use reported speech? Good question. We use this to report or to write down what somebody has said. If somebody has told you something, this is going to be a quote. A "quote" means you copy the person's words exactly. You have to be really careful not to change their words. Reported speech or indirect speech is usually only used for writing. So, we don't really have to worry about all of these crazy rules when we speak. Whew, thank god. So, we're just going to go through the past, the present, and the future. We're going to change quoted speech into reported speech. This little chart will help you. If you want to copy down this chart, take a picture of the chart, I guarantee it will make your reported speech grammar class or grammar learning amazing. Check it out. So, in the present tense, we have two tenses, we have present simple or simple present and we have present continuous. As an example: "She eats lunch." is present simple. This is something she does every day. So if I wanted to report or write down this, write this down, I would use reported speech. So: "She eats lunch." My present simple, what I'm going to do is I'm going to take my verb "eats", and change it to past simple. So, present simple verb we're going to change to past simple. I would say: "She said she ate lunch." In this sentence, "eat" is present simple; in the reported speech, "ate" is my past simple. So, present simple changes to past simple in reported speech. If I have a present continuous example, this means something the person is doing now... For example: "He is painting." So he's an artist, he's got a paint brush and some paint, and he's painting. We have to change this to past continuous. So, if we have "is painting", all we have to do to make this past continuous is change it to "was painting". Present continuous to past continuous, the only thing that changes is our "to be" verb changes from present to past. "He said he was painting." Moving right along. Or moving back, back to the future. We have present perfect. An example of a present perfect sentence: "He", sorry. "They had a shower." It's about time; they smell a lot. So, if we wanted to report this or write this down, we would say... Oh, he said... He... Sorry: "They have had". This is strange, "have had". Check this out. Present perfect is going to change to past perfect. So: "They have had", if we change it to past perfect, we have to change it to "had had". Ronnie, "had had"? Is that true? Yes. This is right. So, present perfect, "have had", changes to "had" plus PP: "had had". So: "They said they had had a shower." And it's about time, because they're pretty smelly. The next one: past simple. For example: "He took my photo." In this sentence, your verb is "took". This is a past. So, past simple, present perfect, both of these we have to change to, again, past perfect. So we're going to change this to: "They said he had taken my photo." And the last one, past perfect, don't change it. It's cool. It's already done. Past perfect you have to change to past perfect, so you don't have to change the grammar in this sentence. -"They had had a dog." -"They said they had had"-that's crazy again, but it's true-"a dog." So, if you have a past sentence, present perfect, simple past, or past perfect, all of these are going to be changed to past perfect. That's easier. "Had" plus the past participle. You okay? Moving on to the future. We have two future tenses in English. Future simple or simple future, which is going to be "will", and we have future "going to". Simple future: "She will go." Future "going to": "They are going to play football with their new shoes." Do you play football? Future simple: "She will go", all we're going to do is change the verb or the modal "will" to "would". So it's going to change to: "She would go". That's cool. "Will" changes to "would". That's easy.
Views: 807132 EnglishLessons4U - Learn English with Ronnie! [engVid]
Learn about Direct indirect speech - Definition of Direct and Indirect speech. Rules of changing direct speech into indirect speech, explanation and examples. What is Reported speech and Reporting verb? Our website ( http://www.successcds.net ) is one of the leading portal on Entrance Exams and Admissions in India. Also visit our Channel for Entrance Exams in India FAQs & Application Process, GK & Current Affairs, Communication Skills Follow us: http://www.facebook.com/SuccessCD http://google.com/+successcds https://twitter.com/entranceexam The Video Also Covers direct indirect speech activities,direct indirect speech conversation, direct indirect speech definition, direct indirect speech difficult exercises, direct indirect speech examples, direct indirect speech exercise, direct indirect speech for grade 5,direct indirect speech grammar direct indirect speech in english,direct indirect speech lesson plan,direct indirect speech lessons direct indirect speech online exercises, direct indirect speech objective questions
Views: 30563 SuccessCDs Education
Saying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech). Here what a person says appears within quotation marks. Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. In this video Mrs. Santha A. Kumar explains this tense change in direct and indirect speech with relevant examples.
Views: 628252 Open School
This English lesson takes you through the formulation and usage of questions in English. Join my complete self-study programme to reach all your English language goals: https://anglo-link.com Facebook: http://facebook.com/AngloLink Twitter: http://twitter.com/AngloLink Happy studies!
Views: 870688 Anglo-Link
The video explains how to convert direct speech to indirect speech. Knowledge can enlighten the minds, so we worship knowledge. Join us on Facebook if you love Science and have a thrust for knowledge : https://www.facebook.com/scienceloverhub Follow us on twitter to latest video release on CBSE board and education: https://twitter.com/Toknowhub
Views: 20240 LearningHub Academy
http://www.engvid.com/ Billy TOLD ME that you wanted to learn this, so I responded with this grammar video! Learn the proper use of reported speech (also called indirect speech), and start using great verbs such as 'informed', 'replied' and 'persuaded'. Pay attention, because there are some complex grammar rules here! You'll also learn how to properly use 'say' and 'tell'. Test yourself with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/grammar-reported-speech-indirect-speech/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, guys. Welcome back. We're going to do a lesson today on using indirect speech. What does that mean? Well, this is where we are relating something that someone said. I'm going to talk you through the differences between indirect speech -- or reported speech -- and direct speech, using these little things called "quotation marks" or "speech marks". I'm going to give you some useful vocab for using reported speech, and showing you the difference between "tell" and "say". I hope it's useful. So my friend Billy, he's not feeling very well today. So he says, "I'm feeling sick." Now, if I'm using direct speech, that's where I use my quotation marks, my speech marks. I would write it like this: Billy said -- with a little comma -- "I'm feeling sick." -- end of quotation marks. But if I'm using reported speech, this is I don't use his exact words, and I don't use these quotation marks. So I could say in reported speech: Billy said that he was feeling sick. I have used the same words here. But look. I'm using "said that" and no quotation marks. Now, what are the differences between reported speech and direct speech? Well, direct speech uses the present. Look here. "I'm feeling sick." "I am" is obviously in the present. Whereas reported speech is going to use past. He said he was feeling sick. So these are how we put some verbs into the past -- irregular verbs. Here, look. "I am" goes to "he was". "Am" goes to "was". "Are" would go to "were". So if Billy said, "You are a jerk", in reported speech, it would be, "Billy said that you were a jerk." "Do" and "does" would go to "did". So if Billy is saying, "I do play snooker", it would be in reported speech, "Billy said that he did play snooker on Tuesday last week." Okay? "Have" and "has" would go to "had". "Will" is going to go to "would". "Can" is going to go to "could". Okay? Difficult spellings. Doesn't sound how it's spelled. And then, with your regular verbs, it's going to go to + ed. So Billy might say, "I want to party tonight." If I'm going to do reported speech, it would be, "Billy said that he wanted to party tonight." Okay? I hope you're with me so far. I hope you're understanding. Good, good, good. Now, "tell" is a little bit different to "say". So when I use the verb "tell", I know whom the person is talking to. For example, "Billy told me that you were a jerk." So "talking to me", so I use "tell". I know who the person is talking to. But when I use "say", we don't know who the person is talking to. So "Billy said that you were kissing at school." Okay? "Said" -- it doesn't say "me". It doesn't say "said me". It just says "said". Okay? So we don't know who the person is talking to. Obviously, he's probably talking to me, but it doesn't say that here, so I need to use "said". Okay? Now, some interesting verbs to make your writing a bit more fluent, a bit more interesting to read. I could use "inform". Okay? This is just going to take -- so if I'm using reported speech, remember I'm going to put it into the past. So here, it's a regular verb, so I'll add -ed. "Billy informed me that he was going to be late for my lesson." We've already done "said". "Billy said that he was feeling sick." "Billy answered with the correct answer." Okay? So this is regular. I'm going to add in my -ed. "Billy reported to me that Sandra was behaving badly." You're a naughty girl, Sandra. Billy has reported you. Now, this one's going to go irregular, "reply". "Billy replied that the lunch was disgusting." Okay. How do we form this? Well, we take off the Y and put -ed, -ied. "Billy replied that the lunch was disgusting." Now, "respond". This is regular. "Billy responded that he was happy to be alive" -- -ed, okay? I'm playing around here. So "suggest" is going to be -ed and "persuade", -ed. What do these mean? "Inform" means "give information". You know what "said" is. "Answer", question, answer. "Report", like, report, give some information again. "Reply" is question, answer. "Respond" is just answer. "Suggest" is like -- it's like a whisper. "I suggested to the bus driver that he put his foot on the accelerator." "Suggest" -- it's an idea, a suggestion. And "persuade" is when you're persuading, "Come on, everybody. Make sure you do the quiz after this. You know where to find it, www.engvid.com." That is the end of today's lesson.
Views: 447644 Learn English with Benjamin [engVid]
We have a question from Igor from Brazil, who wants to know how to ask questions more politely in English. Lucky for him, Helen has some tips on this very subject. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/course/upper-intermediate/unit-4/session-4
Views: 28956 BBC Learning English
http://www.ESLEnglishAcademy.com The difference between passive voice and active voice is quite confusing -- even to native English speakers! In this video Fabi breaks down the primary differences and offers a number of examples that will truly help you understand how to use both the active voice in English and the passive voice in English. At our website you will find transcripts to our videos, other learning opportunities, and a lot more. Don't forget to visit us soon! You can find us at the following address: http://www.ESLEnglishAcademy.com PLEASE DON'T FORGET TO LEAVE YOUR HOMEWORK IN THE COMMENTS SECTION BELOW THIS VIDEO! Also, if you have any other remarks or suggestions, please feel free to leave those in the comments section as well!!! I wish you all of the best on your English studies! Lots of love, Faby xoxoxoxoxo
Views: 1362299 ESLEnglishFaby
You've got questions about life in the United States, American culture, or any English related questions you don’t want to sift through textbooks for the answer? https://goo.gl/ZZBu8y Ask Alisha now! ↓Check how below↓ To send your question to Alisha it’s simple and will take you less than 30 seconds. Step 1: Go tohttps://goo.gl/ZZBu8y Step 2: Sign up for a Free Lifetime Account Step 3: Ask any question to Alisha and get your question answered in a video! In this video, Alisha answers 7 questions. - What does it mean 'damn it' and 'nailed it', I have seen this several times in hollywood movies. - Do we say: 'who invented internet?' or 'who discovered internet?' - When should I use "too", "as well", "also" or "either"? What's the difference? - When should I use "answer/answered" "reply/replied" or "response/responded"? What's the difference? - What is direct object and indirect object? - Which one is correct? "Why are you not talking with me" or "Why you are not talking with me". - What mean "grammatically" word? Is it mean "sentence structure" or "sentence mean" Your favourite English teacher Alisha takes the questions you've been asking and lay them out in an easy-to-follow format. Turn those question marks into exclamation points and get on with your English study. Interact with Alisha to clear up any confusion you have or just satisfy your curiosity. Not only you’ll be able to send questions but also power up your language with your free lifetime account. Learning English is made easy for you. Follow and write to us for more free content: ■ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EnglishClass101 ■ Twitter: https://twitter.com/EnglishClass101
Views: 22309 Learn English with EnglishClass101.com
Topic: Reporting yes-no questions. This is the seventh video in a series of lessons on reported (indirect) speech. Level: High intermediate to advanced. NOTE: I'm very sorry to announce as of January 2012 links to EnglishCafe will no longer be active due to the site closing. I was very lucky to be a part of that online community while it lasted. I'm also sorry for the loss of additional materials for learners. Music credits: "Jazz Loop" by Florian Ennemoser retrieved from http://www.flashkit.com/loops/Easy_Listening/Jazz/Jazzloop-Florian_-4699/ "Dflat Groove" by 32o6 retrieved from http://www.flashkit.com/loops/Easy_Listening/Jazz/Dflat_gr-32o6-6082/ FOR MORE MUSIC BY 32o6, visit this website: http://www.mp3.com/32o6
Views: 117362 JenniferESL
Learn how to use "if" and "whether" properly in English. Whether you like it or not, "if" and "whether" are not always interchangeable. In fact, if you use the wrong word, it can change the entire meaning of your sentence. In this lesson, we will review the uses of the two words and see how to use them in a way that will reduce confusion and clarify your ideas. How can you be sure whether to use "if" or "whether" in the proper context? Watch the lesson, and find out! http://www.engvid.com/grammar-if-whether/ TRANSCRIPT Hi again. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. My name's Adam. Welcome again. Today's lesson is a grammar lesson, and this is a question that I am asked often. What is the difference between "if" and "whether"? Okay? It's a very good question. It's pretty simple, straightforward, but we're going to look at both of these in relation to each other. First of all, let's make sure everybody understands "whether" is not spelled the same as "weather", like sunny, raining. This is about rain, sun, snow, wind, temperature; this is similar to "if", it's about having choices. Okay? So, in some situations, "if" and "whether" are interchangeable, but the best way to not make a mistake, not to mix them up in the wrong context is to always use "if" for conditionals; always use "whether" when you're talking about two alternatives, two choices. Okay? You'll see what I mean. When they can be interchanged. First of all, when they are used as noun clauses, means they can be the object or the subject of a sentence, they can mean the same thing. But again, avoid using them the same if you don't want to make mistakes. "Do you know if Dan is coming?" Do you know what? If Dan is coming. "Do you know whether Dan is coming?" In this case, they basically mean the same thing. Yes or no: is he coming or is he not coming? You could add the "or not?" here: "Do you know whether Dan is coming or not?" But the word "whether" already gives you a choice between yes or no in this particular case, so this is not necessary. It's understood. Okay? Now, let's look at these two sentences: "I don't know if the exam is on Friday or Saturday.", "I don't know whether the exam is on Friday or Saturday." So here, we're looking directly at a choice. When I use "whether": "I don't know whether the exam is on Friday or Saturday." So again, you have two options when you look at "whether". Friday is one option, Saturday is another option. The problem here is if you use "if", "if" is not limited to two options. "I don't know if the exam is on Friday or Saturday, or if it's next week sometime." So here, although they seem to mean the same thing, the "if" gives you other options that the "whether" doesn't. "Whether": one, two. "If": one, two, or something completely different. So if you want to avoid making this mistake, use "whether" for the choices, use... Save "if" for when you have your conditional sentence. Now, what is a conditional sentence? A conditional sentence is using "if" as an adverb clause. There's a condition. If "A" happens, "B" will happen. Okay? One thing needs to happen for the second thing to happen, that's the condition. So: "Let me know", oh, sorry. I forgot this word, here. "Let me know if you're coming.", "Let me know whether you're coming." In this case, they're both okay. "Let me know whether you're coming or not." Now, what's the difference between: "Let me know if you're coming", "Let me know whether you're coming or not"? If you are coming, yes, let me know. This is a conditional. If this is true, do this. "Let me know whether you're coming or not." If you're coming, let me know; if you're not coming, let me know. So in this case, both apply. Okay? So, again, use this to... The condition. This is the condition, this is the result. Here, this is going to happen regardless. So we're going to look at this in a second in more detail. Okay? "I'll come over if you want me to." If you want it, I will do it; if you don't want it, I will not do it. So this is the condition. If you want me to, I'll come over. This is the condition, this is the result. So your best option is to always use "if" with conditionals, use "whether" to talk about two alternatives. Now, the other common use of "whether" is to mean "regardless". Doesn't matter what happens, regardless of the situation, here's what I want you to do. "I'm coming over whether you like it or not." Okay. "Whether you like it or not" means if you like it, I'm coming over; if you don't like it, too bad, I'm coming over. So this verb is going to happen regardless of this situation.
Views: 506983 English Lessons with Adam - Learn English [engVid]
http://www.engvid.com Do you know how to build a sentence in English? In this lesson, you will learn the basic parts of a simple sentence, or independent clause. Knowing this will make it easier to understand any sentence in written English. Understanding how these different parts of a sentence work together to form meaning will help you write better in English. The knowledge in this lesson is essential for any 'Independent User' or 'Proficient User' of English. Quiz yourself here: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-sentence/ TRANSCRIPT Hi again. I'm Adam. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today I have a very important lesson, I think, for all of you that will help you very much with your reading, but especially your writing skills. Okay? Today we're going to look at the sentence. What is a sentence? Now, I know that all of you are saying: "Well, we know what a sentence is. We've learned this a thousand times before." Right? I know what you've learned and I know what you haven't learned, many of you; some of you have, of course. The sentence has a very basic structure, there's a very basic component that must be involved or included in a sentence, and a lot of grammar teachers, a lot of English teachers don't teach this. Okay? All of you, I'm sure have by now heard of "SVO", but have you heard of "SVsC"? Have you heard of "SVC"? Maybe yes, maybe no. But I'm sure a lot of you are going: "What? I've never heard of these things before." Well, we're going to talk about this in one second. Before we talk about a sentence, we have to talk about a clause. Now, what is a clause? I'm sure you've heard this word before as well, but just in case, a clause is any subject, verb combination. It's a group of words that must include a subject and a verb. Now, also very important to remember: it must be a tense verb, meaning that it must take a time; past, present, future. Okay? No base verb, no infinitive verb. So that is a clause. Now, there are two types of clauses. Okay? We have independent clauses and we have dependent clauses. The... These are sometimes called subordinate clauses. Now, every sentence in English to be a grammatically correct sentence must have an independent clause. It doesn't need a dependent clause, but it could have one. The independent clause could include a dependent clause as the subject or object. We'll talk about that after. So an independent clause has a subject and a verb, and it can stand by itself. It can contain a complete idea by itself. Okay? So, technically, the shortest sentence you can have in English will be a... Will be an independent clause with a subject and verb. What is the absolute shortest sentence that you can think of? Think of a sentence, the shortest you can possibly make it. Okay? Here's an example: "Go!" Is this a complete English sentence? Yes. Why? Because it contains an independent clause. Where? We have the implied subject: "you" and the tense verb: "go", the imperative tense "go". So this your basic English sentence. Now, we have three other types, three basic types and we can of course play with these after. Subject, verb, object. Some independent clauses must have an object, we'll talk about that in a second. Excuse me. Subject, verb, subject complement. Some sentences must have a subject complement. Subject, verb, complement. Okay? We're going to talk about each of these in a moment. I have the "A" here because quite often, this complement is actually an adverb phrase or an adverbial. We'll talk about that in a second. So your basic sentence can be any one of these three. Now, the reason we're looking at this... All these structures is because once you understand what must be contained in a sentence, then you can read any English sentence out there that is grammatically correct and be able to understand the main idea of that sentence. Okay? So let's start with "SVO". Okay, let's look at our "SVO" type of independent clause: subject, verb, object. Now, first, what is an object? Well, we have two types of objects to talk about. We have the direct object, we have the indirect object. Now, the thing to understand is that the object always answers a question about the verb, it completes the meaning of the verb by asking the questions: "What?" or: "Who?" Now, keep in mind that technically, it's: "Whom?" But if you say: "Who?" I'll let it go this time. Okay? Formal academic writing, "Whom?", "Whom?", "Whom?" IELTS, TOEFL, SAT, all that - "Whom?" not: "Who?" In the object position. But the direct object answers: "What?" or: "Who?" about the verb. Okay? We'll get back to that.
Views: 2038677 English Lessons with Adam - Learn English [engVid]
In this intermediate English lesson, I take a look at Indirect Questions, making recommendations with "worth +ing" and using discourse markers - "so" - to help you sound more natural.
Views: 78 Elite English Training
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Views: 233 meryem meryem
Learn English Grammar – Easiest way to c Active voice sentences to Passive Voice in simple present tense. Blog : http://www.learnex.in/easiest-way-to-convert-active-voice-sentences-to-passive-voice-in-simple-present-tense In this English Grammar lesson, you are going to learn how to make active voice sentences in the present tense into passive voice sentences. The active voice is used to give importance to the subject or the doer of the action and the passive voice gives importance to the object. Facebook : http://www.facebook.com/letstalkpodcast Website : http://www.letstalkpodcast.com There are basic steps you follow to convert the sentences from active to passive. Interchange the subject and object Take the main verb in its past participle form. Do not change the tense of the original sentence, so add an auxiliary verb. Ensure the doer of the action does not change once the sentence is in the passive voice. Example 01: Mother writes an email. (active) An email is written by mother. (passive) Example 02: Sam is fixing the computer. (active) The computer is being fixed by Sam. Example 03: John has helped Maria. (active) Maria has been helped by John. (passive) Example 04: Why does your brother sing such sad songs? (active) Why are such sad songs sung by your brother? (passive) Example 05: Who is doing the dishes? (active) By whom are the dishes being done? (passive) Example 06: Why have you called me here? (active) Why have I been called here by you? (passive)
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www.hesia2secrets.com Get free help for the HESI test with our HESI English Entrance Exam review video about direct and indirect objects.
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Elvis's all-time classic ballad from 1960 (set ingeniously to video from his 1968 'comeback special' - whoever you are, nice job!) - lyrics in English have been added. The song also poses several questions, which are perfect for practicing direct and indirect questions. There is only one indirect statement and many direct questions; can you change the indirect statement to a direct question, and the direct questions to indirect questions or statements? Good luck! For a complete worksheet focusing on the Direct/Indirect statements in this song, visit http://johanyoung.blogspot.kr/ - "Sound and Vision" page. *I do not own the copyright to this song or video and hope it can be useful for encouraging ESL students to learn and study English with some great music.
Views: 21959 Johan Young
Learn how to form reported requests, orders, and questions in part 2 of this lesson about reported speech in English. Visit http://www.espressoenglish.net for English tips and intensive English courses.
Views: 85083 Espresso English
http://www.powhow.com/classes/professorjason Practice your Spanish in Professor Jason's Interactive Online Classes. Private and group classes available! In the final lesson of my 13-part series on asking and answering questions in Spanish, I share ways to ask and answer questions about people's plans and obligations -- what they want to to, are going to do, need to do, plan to do, etc. Great practice for oral exams like the ACTFL OPI or for everyday conversation!
Views: 31877 Professor Jason
How to teach REPORTED QUESTIONS and POLITE QUESTIONS in English. Find this video's companion resources at http://www.insightstoEnglish.com, including printouts, presentation materials, and further tips and tricks. Whether it's a polite request, a formal inquiry, or a reported question, an INDIRECT QUESTION has 3 parts to it: 1. the Introductory Clause either identifies the speaker (like 'she asked' or 'he wondered') or is a polite expression (like 'could you tell me' or 'do you mind if I ask'). 2. the Crux is the unknown part, or the problem you need solved. It's usually a question word/phrase (like WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, HOW, WHY, WHICH, WHOM, WHOSE, HOW MANY, or HOW MUCH). For yes/no questions, it's either WHETHER or IF. 3. the Content contains all the details of the question. It's not in interrogative form, as inversion must be undone. Instead, it has a declarative structure. In addition to this, Reported Questions need to go through the same steps as any other REPORTED SPEECH, which includes removing quotation marks, backshifting, and altering the point-of-view words. Formal inquiries and polite requests don't need to do these. ... ... ... [good for native-speaking learners as well as ESL or EFL students] Let us know in the comments how the method in this video has helped you and your students! INSIGHTS TO ENGLISH creates videos and other resources to share alternate perspectives on various grammar topics. Presenting various approaches ensures that no student is left in the dark. support us at http://www.patreon.com/insightstoEnglish see more at http://www.insightstoEnglish.com
Views: 35 Insights to English
Learn all of the 12 tenses in English easily in this lesson. This lesson features simple explanations, lots of example sentences and illustrations. ***** RELATED LESSONS ***** 1. MOST COMMON MISTAKES in English & How to Avoid Them: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 2. HAVE BEEN / HAS BEEN / HAD BEEN: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QhSqfzaMuLM&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 3. PUNCTUATION Masterclass - Learn Punctuation Easily in 30 Minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bY5ChVDRLus&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 4. All GRAMMAR lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 5. How to Become Fluent in English: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix
Views: 999522 Learn English Lab
Watch more Grammar Lessons videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/515799-How-to-Use-Quotation-Marks-Grammar-Lessons I like to think of the quotation mark as the punctuation that can save your job, or save your grade in the class. And that's because we use of quotation mark to attribute ideas and words to the original speaker, so you use quotation mark to show someone else has said something, either verbally, or they've written it on the page and if you don't use the quotation mark, when you are duplicating someone's work; it's what we called plagiarism, we definitely want to avoid that. Grammatically speaking, punctuating the quotation mark can be a little tricky, so I'll show you a few examples, quotation marks often take two forms, we'll either lead with the quotation and give the attribution at the end of the sentence, or we'll lead with the attribution and, and with the quotation. So here is an example how to punctuate a sentence when we lead with a quotation: We have "It's a lovely day" Jim said. Well, in this case notice that we start with the quotation mark, we capitalized the first word and we keep the comma inside of the quotation mark, another words we, we tuck the punctuation inside of those quotes and then we give the attribution "Jim said" and the period doesn't come until the very end of the sentence. Now, in this sentence we flip the order and we're starting with the attribution, so we say Jim said, we capitalize "J" cause it's the beginning of the sentence and this time we put the comma after said and then we [inaudible 00:43:40] into the quota. So, Jim said, comma, quotation mark, capital, it's a lovely day, period quotation mark. Can be a little tricky, because sometimes the comma goes inside of the quotation, sometimes it goes outside; it depends on how you're setting your sentence out. So, let's say that it's such a nice day out that Jim tells his coworkers he is sick and he gets out of the office for the day. Well, I might say something like, Jim said he was feeling sick, but we are skeptical. So, you can see this is taken on a different form, because we're only quoting a small part of something that Jim said, not a complete sentence and we're tucking it into our sentence; so that even without the quotation marks it would read well, it would read as a complete sentence. Jim said he was feeling sick, but we are skeptical. So, in this case you can put a quotations around his partial quote and you don't have to capitalize the first of his quote. So, I hope that this makes; using quotation marks a little bit clearer for you.
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Pronouns are words which replace proper (specific, singular) nouns. They make longer, continual conversation or narration smoother by allowing the speaker to not have to repeat the names of people, places and things. For example, in referring to a group of friends, one would use "they" instead of listing all their names (Randy, Laura, Matt and Emily) over and over again. Pronouns are also common in shorter, everyday conversation as well. We can also divide them into two groups: subject and object pronouns. They get their names from the parts of speech that they replace. Hence, subject pronouns replace subjects (the thing that does the verb) while pronouns replace objects (the thing that the verb is done to). These include: Subject pronouns: I You He/She/It We They Object pronouns: Me You Him/Her/It Us Them Examples: With proper noun: I am talking about the game with Alice. With object pronoun: I am talking about the game with her. With proper noun: Can John, Heather and I go over to the general store? With subject pronoun: Can we go over to the general store? With proper noun: Can we go to see the movie later? With object pronoun: Can we go to see it later? With proper noun: Has Mr. Presley seen the new business model? With subject pronoun: Has he seen the new business model?
Views: 376572 GoEnglish
Learn English Questions' Grammar. Translation Exercise (Urdu to English) for Beginners with Teachers' Resources: Download Lesson Plan and Worksheets for School Classes or Self Learning at langslang.com. Learn or Teach English Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing and Grammar from Beginners to High School Level. For more Grammar Lessons and Practice Tests http://langslang.com/english/grammar
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